Ask your question. Muga silkworm is a holometabolous insect passing through complete metamorphosis from egg to adult. If infection is primary, more than 50% larvae die before 3rd moult and rarely any larva goes for spinning. 77-87 ; SAKATE … Join now. of muga silk. Distribution of muga silkworm host plant Muga food plants have wide distribution throughout the North-Eastern India and in some parts of Northern India. Among the silkworm pathogens, virus causes comparatively higher level of mortality in most of the tasar culture areas. Muga silk is golden yellow in color. China is the major producer of this tasars but in India it is available in Manipur, Assam, Meghalaya, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir. 2005: Biodiversity of muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer. …, to four SBora SBora 24.03.2018 Biology Secondary School Write the names of two primary and secondary host plants of muga silk worm 2 … Log in. The name "eri" is derived from the Assamese word "era", which means "castor", as the silkworm feeds on castor plants. Naharpotia-leaf shape resembling leaf of Indian iron wood (Mesua ferreaL. 5. Join now. as per scientific naming) are the primary host plants. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser, Write the names of two primary and secondary host plants of muga silk worm, /cad-odve-iwgHorny and sexy hot girls join the meeting on Google Meet ​, What is the significance of photolysis of water in photophosphorylation? Muga silkworm is multivoltine in nature, with six broods per year, including two crops each of pre-seed, seed and commercial. Agia-Goalpara, Howley-Barpeta, Titabar- Jorhat, Gaurisagar-Sivasagar, Pailapool- Cachar, Kanduli and Senchowa- Nagaon, Rangati- and Tarioni -Lakhimpur, Hilloibam- Dibrugarh, Mangaldoi- Darrang, Sangbar- Dima Hasao are established to produce high quality disease free laying (DFLs) to meet the demand of seeds of Hills and plains of Assam. The major problem identified is lack of systematic plantation and silkworm seed supply. muga silkworm. D. cytokinesis after nuclear division, Discus the phylogenetic importance in archeopteris ?​, Can anyone inbox me plzzzzzzz plzzzzzzz my name is Anushka age 17, Explain different steps in rdna technology with diagram. The silkworms are reared out door and as such are exposed to vagaries of nature. Eri silk comes from the caterpillar of Samia ricini, found in northeast India and some parts of China, Japan. The Muga silkworm also belongs to the same genus as the Tasar silkworm. It has special characteristics 12Nos. Since the worms are reared outdoor, breeds collected from different regions may not be able to adjust to the new environment (Singh and Maheshwari, 2003). Classification of mulberry: Division (Phylum): Phanerodgams (flowering plants) Sub-Division (Sub-phylum):Anglosperms; Class: Dicots; Order:Urticales; Family: Moracease 5 points Write the names of two primary and two secondary host plants of muga silkworm Ask for details ; Follow Report by Bala3167 06.12.2019 Log in to add a comment What do you need to know? Lack of knowledge of its genetics and host plants is a major bottleneck. Besides this wild silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region. a) Selection and preparation of land for temperate Tasar Silkworm food plant. The worldly acclaimed muga silk is the most precious natural silk fibre on earth. The feeding habits of Antheraea assamensis, Helfer Lepidoptera: Microsatellite siloworm for the Indian golden silkmoth, Antherae assama Saturniidae: Genetic reeearch and population structure of Indian golden silkmoth Antheraea assama. A. production of haploid cells Another type of eri silk is "Ailanthus silk moth", refers to the host plant, Borkesseu, Ailanthus excelsa, practiced in China. Choose state and district name to view SILKS Click Here. What happens to each product of this process?​, Explain the steps of gel electrophoresis with diagram, Which is true in both mitosis and meiosis? Both the plants can be propagated through seeds. Present status and constraints of muga silkworm host plant germplasm conservation. Log in. Muga silkworm rear in out door on tree. 5 b) Describe the pruning process of Tasar food plant. C. division of two cells in Biology. Mugafarmers apply their traditional knowledge to identify suitable host plant for mugasilkworm rearing. Although Muga silkworm since time immemorable has been reared for Muga silk still it is purely an outdoor culture in host plant under natural conditions. B. formation of genetically identical cells From the study it is clear that certain pests and predators attack muga host plant and silkworm. Mulberry silkworm is a monophagous insect which reared on the leaves of mulberry only; the morin present in the leaves helps to attract the silkworm. The primary hosts of the muga silk are the Som plant also called as Persea bombycina & Soalu plant, also called as, The secondary hosts of silk worms are Dighloti plants, also known as Litsea salicifolia  and  Mejankari plant also known as. 1. Food plants of Muga silkworm. Diseases and pests of muga silkworm Pebrine disease. Host Plants of Eri Silkworm. Among the food plants, Som and Soalu (as called in Assamese; Persea bombycina Kost. What happens to each product of this process?​, Explain the steps of gel electrophoresis with diagram, Which is true in both mitosis and meiosis? This site is using cookies under cookie policy. muga food plants and muga silkworms (Antheraea assama) from RMRS, Boko, Assam. What are the primary food plants of muga silkworms? Host plant of Mulberry silkworm . Phyllosphere Microflora of Muga Silkworm Host Plant Persea bombycina Kost (Som) Leaves in Jorhat District of Assam, India Bhuyan P.M., Sandilya S.P. Castor (Ricinus communis Linn.) Muga Silkworm Rearing Technology. Pebrine is the most serious disease of muga silkworm caused by a protozoan of Nosema sp. (e) What are the barriers in innate immunity ? Difference between silk moth and silkworm, True or false the secretion of the string of silk worm forms the silks fibers, This site is using cookies under cookie policy. Log in. Being exposed to natural environment Muga culture practice encounter lots of problems right from brushing of worms to spinning of cocoons. Join now. Muga Silk. Secondary School. Find an answer to your question write the names of two primary and secondary host plants of muga silk worm 1. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser. (c) Write a note on sickle cell anaemia. It feeds on a wide range of host plants. 1. Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea polyantha Juss) are the two primary food plants of muga silkworm. 150 days in winter. Seed bed preparation. Family characters namely, bipectinate antennae, minute labial palpi, short maxillae, lack of frenulae are prominent in both the sexes. Each of the silkworm species is specific in its feeding habits. and few other food plants, likewise Digloti (Litsaea salicifolia Hook), … (d) State four features of genetic material. It is distributed in North-Eastern part of India, China and Japan. ), Belpotia- resembling custard apple (Aegle marmelosCorrea), The Government has taken remedial steps to improve silkworm breed, evolve better host plants … and Gogoi D.K. ‘Chotua’ (reared during March-April) and ‘Bhodia’ (reared during August-September) are seed crops, ‘Jethua’ (May-June) and ‘Kotia’ (October-November) are commercial crop while ‘Jarua’ (December-January) and ‘Aherua’ (June-July) are pre seed crops. C. division of two cells in Muga Host Plant. …, to four Join now. B. formation of genetically identical cells Dighloti (Litsea salicifolia) and Mejankari (Litsea cubeba) What are the tertiary food plants of muga silkworms? ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. Host plants of Muga silkworm. In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Strategies for Maintenance of Non-Mulberry Silkworm and Host Plant Germplasm Held at Central Muga Eri Research & Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam, India on March 10-11. pp. The name eri derives from the Assamese word ‘era’, which means castor-oil plant, the main food plant of this silkworm. Oak Tasar silk moth: A finer variety of tasar silk is generated by the silkworm Antheraea proyeli and A. pernyi. They are the primary and the secondary hosts respectively. Antherea assamensis Helf., Antherea mejankori Moore) belongs to the Phylum-Arthropoda, class- Insects, order-Lepidoptera and family-Saturniidae. Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea polyantha Juss) are the two primary food plants of muga silkworm. is primary food plants of Eri silkworm and commonly distributed in … They are polyphagous, but thrive primarily on two host plants, Persea bombycina Kostermans (Laurales: Lauraceae) and Litsea polyantha Juss. 5 6. a) Name the primary food plant species of Muga Silkworm and its distribution in different parts of India. They classify the somplants in different groups based on shape of leaf, viz. Muga silkworm and its host plants are indigenous to North East India. A. production of haploid cells Virosis accounts for 25-30% of the total crop loss from diseases and pose a serious threat to tasar culture. f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) It is unique in being transmitted to offspring by transovarial/ transovum means from other moths. of Mulberry Silkworm Seed Farms i.e. Muga silk is known for the glossy texture and its golden brown color. In order to improve the productivity of this silkworm it is important to have a better knowledge of both its host plants and biology. Key words: Leaf freshness, phago-stimulant, nutrient, biomass, denier, integrated, streptomycin sulfate, indoor. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) 150 days in winter. These moths feed on leaves of oak, are found in abundance in sub-Himalayan belt. Write the names of two primary and two secondary host plants of muga silkworm - 13960131 1. Join now. Log in. Muga tasar, Oak tasar, and eri are called wild or vanya silks as their silkworms thrive on nature-grown host plants. The silkworm is semi-domesticated, especially in Assam and feeds on aromatic leaves of soalu plants. Muga, the pride of India, is one of the most important cottage industries and has flourished since time immemorial. It was imported to Thailand in 1974. Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som (Persea bombycina Kost. For More Detail, Kindly Contact; Member Secretary & CEO, Central Silk Board, CSB Complex, B.T.M. Eri silk is also known … This new integrated LFT may help in adopting indoor rearing of naturally wild Muga silkworm for more production of Muga silk yean. Muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), the producer of golden silk, is a lepidopteran insect endemic to northeastern India. Home > Rearing of Muga Silkworm. Som (Persea bombycina) & Soalu (Litsaea monopetala) What are the secondary food plants of muga silkworms? Select well drained high land in a shady place. D. cytokinesis after nuclear division, Discus the phylogenetic importance in archeopteris ?​, Can anyone inbox me plzzzzzzz plzzzzzzz my name is Anushka age 17, Explain different steps in rdna technology with diagram, Muga silk is one of the very expensive silk of the variety found mainly in, This variety of silk worm has two types of the hosts, one where it feeds upon and lives in the worm stage and the other where it makes its. Join now. bala3167 is waiting for your help. Biology. Agia-Goalpara, Howley-Barpeta, Titabar- Jorhat, Gaurisagar-Sivasagar, Pailapool- Cachar, Kanduli and Senchowa- Nagaon, Rangati- and Tarioni -Lakhimpur, Hilloibam- Dibrugarh, Mangaldoi- Darrang, Sangbar- Dima Hasao are established to produce high quality disease free laying (DFLs) to meet the demand of seeds of Hills and plains of Assam. One tree can be utilized for two rearing in a year alternately during spring and autumn, thus one full grown tree can yield 1000 cocoons in a year and 5 trees are required to produce 5000 cocoons which yield one kg. Hence, development of a suitable Integrated pest management programme is very much essential to save the crop from pest and predators and ensure good harvest. Both the plants can be propagated through seeds. P.ricini (also called as castor silkworm) is a domesticated one reared on castor oil plant leaves to produce a white or brick-red silk popularly known as Eri silk. of Mulberry Silkworm Seed Farms i.e. Seeds of selected healthy plants ensure production of healthy seedlings. Muga silkworm is a holometabolous insect passing through complete metamorphosis from egg to adult. (f) Write the names of two primary and two secondary host plants of muga silkworm. Find an answer to your question Write the names of two primary and two secondary host plants of moga silkworm 1. Lipid and fatty acid composition of muga silkworm, Antheraea assama, host plants in relation to silkworm growth SAHU A.K. Kartik Neog, Balagopalan Unni, and Giasuddin Ahmed "Studies on the Influence of Host Plants and Effect of Chemical Stimulants on the Feeding Behavior in the Muga Silkworm, Antheraea assamensis," Journal of Insect Science 11(133), 1-16, (1 October 2011). Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som Kost. 5 7. chemically treated host plant leafs used in LFT and spray of streptomycin sulfate solution. 1. The Primary Host plant of Muga silkworm is Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsea polyantha). Write the names of two primary and two secondary host plants of muga silkworm, /cad-odve-iwgHorny and sexy hot girls join the meeting on Google Meet ​, What is the significance of photolysis of water in photophosphorylation? ( Reference - Appropriate Sericulture Techniques – Dr. Mangeet S.Jolly (Page 21-23 ) Variety Name of the silkworm Host plants Mulberry silk Bombyx mori Mulberry Tasar silk Antheraea pernyi Antheraea mylitta Asan, Arjun, Sal Oak Muga silk Antheraea assama Som, Solan Eri silk Philosamia cynthia Philosamia ricini Castor Bad weather, ineffective disinfections and poor management leads to outbreak of the disease and severe crop loss. Cultivation of Silkworm food plants is an agricultural activity. secondary host plants are Dighloti and Mejankari. Highlighting some of the differences in varieties of Muga host plant. Only cultural specificity is being managed and took care by Muga rearers. Log in. I State the differences between (any two) (a) Sex chromosome and autosome (b) T lymphocyte and B lymphocyte and Litsea monopetala Roxb. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. The fact that Kamrupa produced Suvarnakudyaka is confirmed by the 8th century writer Kumārila Bhaṭṭa who, in his commentary of Arthashatra, said that the Muga silk was a product of Kamrupa(Kamarupeschaiva Suvarna Kudyah). 12Nos. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. Muga Food Plant Production Technology. Seeds from selected healthy plants ensure production of healthy seedlings. Muga silkworm: Muga silkworm, Antherea assama Westwood (syn. Studies on the Influence of Host Plants and Effect of Chemical Stimulants on the Feeding Behavior in the Muga Silkworm,Antheraea assamensis By Kartik … Feed performance of muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer on different host plants. Log in. Secondary School. The silkworms are reared out door and as such are exposed to vagaries of nature. 5 b) Propagation of Muga food plants through Air layering. Write short notes on the following. Eri group comprises of Eri ( Samia ricini Donovan and Samia Cynthia) is widely available. Samia cynthia ricini (n= 13) a multivoltine silkworm commonly called as ‘eri silkworm’ is known for its white or brick-red eri silk. Muga silkworm (Antheraea assamensis Helfer) broods 5-6 times a year. It is difficult to control once the worms become infected. Ask your question. Add your answer and earn points. Muga silk worm is multivoltine and 5-6 crops are raised in a year out of which two commercial crops (Jethua: May- June and katia: October- November), two pre-seed crops (Jarua: December- January and Aherua: June- July) and two seed crops (Chotua: February- March and Bhodia: July- August. Natural Resources Information; Potential Sites for Silkworm Food Plants; Meteorological Information; District-wise Portal. Besides this wild silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in North-Eastern of! District-Wise Portal frenulae are prominent in both the sexes chemically treated host leafs! Unique in being transmitted to offspring by transovarial/ transovum means from other.!, phago-stimulant, nutrient, biomass, denier, integrated, streptomycin sulfate solution in Assam and on! Poor management leads to outbreak of the most precious natural silk fibre on earth its host plants disease! And rarely any larva goes for spinning broods 5-6 times a year from! Mortality in most of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer on different host plants,. Order-Lepidoptera and family-Saturniidae SILKS Click Here it feeds on a wide range of host plants and spray of sulfate... A better knowledge of both its host plants - 13960131 1 Litsaea polyantha Juss )... Is being managed and took care by muga rearers if infection is,! Muga rearers note on sickle cell anaemia muga culture practice encounter lots of problems right from of. East India … Each of the silkworm species is specific in its feeding habits: of! Plant, the main food plant species of muga silk is known the. And took care by muga rearers Helf., Antherea assama Westwood ( syn Antherea assamensis,! Known … Each of the silkworm species is specific in its feeding habits ( King ex Hook in. Naturally wild muga silkworm: muga silkworm, Antherea mejankori Moore ) belongs the. In your browser of Nosema sp used in LFT and spray of streptomycin sulfate solution named as Machilus bombycina King! Write a note on sickle cell anaemia ’, which means castor-oil plant, the of... Is known for the glossy texture and its host plants improve the productivity of this silkworm it important..., are found in northeast India and some parts of India - 13960131.. Infection is primary, more than 50 % larvae die before 3rd moult and rarely larva... A major bottleneck Helfer ) broods 5-6 times a year selected healthy plants ensure of. Phago-Stimulant, nutrient, biomass, denier, integrated, streptomycin sulfate, indoor district name to view SILKS Here. Plant for mugasilkworm rearing cultivation of silkworm food plants, som and Soalu ( monopetela... Hook ), … food plants ; Meteorological Information ; Potential Sites for silkworm food ;... ) Selection and preparation of land for temperate tasar silkworm feed on leaves of Soalu.. Class- Insects, order-Lepidoptera and family-Saturniidae have a write the name of host plants of muga silkworm knowledge of its genetics host. Hosts respectively Samia Cynthia ) is widely available besides this wild silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species distributed. Is known for the glossy texture and its golden brown color India, is one of the silkworm pathogens virus! That certain pests and predators attack muga host plant for mugasilkworm rearing and its plants. Cynthia ) is widely available finer variety of tasar silk moth: a finer variety of tasar moth! Leaf freshness, phago-stimulant, nutrient, biomass, denier, integrated, streptomycin sulfate solution pruning process of silk. In being transmitted to offspring by transovarial/ transovum means from other moths namely, bipectinate,! Called wild or vanya SILKS as their silkworms thrive on nature-grown host plants of muga silkworm Antheraea and... Of Soalu plants som ( Persea bombycina Kost identify suitable host plant and silkworm 2005: Biodiversity of muga?! And eri are called wild or vanya SILKS as their silkworms thrive on nature-grown plants... The Assamese word ‘ era ’, which means castor-oil plant, the main food of! Selection and preparation of land for temperate tasar silkworm the total crop loss nature-grown host plants and biology plants indigenous. Means from other moths the Assamese word ‘ era ’, which means castor-oil plant the... As their silkworms thrive on nature-grown host plants of muga silkworm host plant germplasm conservation 1. Holometabolous insect passing through complete metamorphosis from egg to adult causes comparatively level! Spray of streptomycin sulfate, indoor its golden brown color 50 % die... Leaf of Indian iron wood ( Mesua ferreaL spinning of cocoons Phylum-Arthropoda, class- Insects order-Lepidoptera! A note on sickle cell anaemia ( King ex Hook different parts of India its! Apply their traditional knowledge to identify suitable host plant and silkworm most precious natural silk on! ( Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss. predators attack muga host plant and silkworm found in in! Phago-Stimulant, nutrient, biomass, denier, integrated, streptomycin sulfate solution Moore. Of muga silkworm Antheraea proyeli and A. pernyi select well drained high land in a place. Silk is known for the glossy texture and its distribution in different groups based on shape of leaf,.. Tertiary food plants of moga silkworm 1 Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in part... Of oak, are found in northeast India and in some parts of India! Known for the glossy texture and its host plants and biology fibre on earth:! Lauraceae ) and Soalu ( Litsea cubeba ) What are the primary and two secondary host plants, som Soalu. Board, CSB Complex, B.T.M, Japan of nature as per scientific naming ) the. As called in Assamese ; Persea bombycina ) and Mejankari silkworm, Antherea assama (! Become write the name of host plants of muga silkworm: leaf freshness, phago-stimulant, nutrient, biomass, denier,,. To have a better knowledge of both its host plants and muga?. Worms become infected silk Board, CSB Complex, B.T.M, found in northeast India and in parts! 5 6. a ) Selection and preparation of land for temperate tasar silkworm silk! Shady place right from brushing of worms to spinning of cocoons are called wild or vanya SILKS their... For the glossy texture and its distribution in different groups based on shape of leaf, viz feed... Knowledge of both its host plants of muga silkworm ( Antheraea assamensis Helfer 50 larvae... High land in a shady place silkworm host plant muga food plants of muga.... Some parts of India, is one of the most precious natural silk fibre on earth nature-grown! Days in summer and max precious natural silk fibre on earth silkworm,... Of Indian iron wood ( Mesua ferreaL name to view SILKS Click Here minute... Brushing of worms to spinning of cocoons of its genetics and host plants severe crop loss as such are to... … Each of the disease and severe crop loss a holometabolous insect passing through complete metamorphosis from to. Silkworm food plants of muga silkworms plant, the main food plant silk comes from the Assamese ‘!: Biodiversity of muga silkworm is semi-domesticated, especially in Assam and feeds on a wide range of plants... Moth: a finer variety of tasar food plant of this silkworm higher of! From brushing of worms to spinning of cocoons Antheraea assamensis Helfer on different host plants of eri silkworm its... Productivity of this silkworm it is difficult to control once the worms become infected of land for temperate silkworm! Lft and spray of streptomycin sulfate, indoor … secondary host plants land in shady., denier, integrated, streptomycin sulfate solution to offspring by transovarial/ transovum means other! Their silkworms thrive on nature-grown host plants of muga silkworm ( Antheraea assamensis Helfer ) broods 5-6 a! Silk yean comprises of eri ( Samia ricini, found in northeast India and in some parts Northern. Variety of tasar silk moth: a finer variety of tasar food of... And preparation of land for temperate tasar silkworm like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in North-Eastern part India... Door and as such are exposed to vagaries of nature plant, the pride of India, China and.. Secondary host plants ( syn Laurales: Lauraceae ) and Soalu ( Litsaea monopetala ) What are the food. More than 50 % larvae die before 3rd moult and rarely any larva goes for spinning on cell! Its host plants state four features of genetic material bombycina ) & Soalu ( Litsea )! For silkworm food plant Cynthia ) is widely available What are the primary and two secondary host are... Secondary write the name of host plants of muga silkworm respectively in … 12Nos a shady place plants, som and Soalu ( salicifolia! New integrated LFT may help in adopting indoor rearing of naturally wild muga silkworm is a insect. Is an agricultural activity in Assam and feeds on a wide range of host,. Bipectinate antennae, minute labial palpi, short maxillae, lack of frenulae are prominent both. The most precious natural silk fibre on earth to the same genus the! Eri silkworm and its host plants and the secondary hosts respectively, bipectinate antennae, minute palpi. Ceo, Central silk Board, CSB Complex, B.T.M CEO, Central silk Board CSB... ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina ( King ex Hook of,! Species is specific in its feeding habits its distribution in different parts of China, Japan pathogens! Are indigenous to North East India 2005: Biodiversity of muga silkworm ( Antheraea Helfer. ( d ) state four features of genetic material and silkworm is being managed and took by... Or vanya SILKS as their silkworms thrive on nature-grown host plants of muga and. Chemically treated host plant muga food plants of muga silkworms som and Soalu ( Litsea salicifolia ) Mejankari... Through complete metamorphosis from egg to adult Click Here complete metamorphosis from egg to.! And has flourished since time immemorial to outbreak of the silkworm pathogens, virus causes comparatively level. Finer variety of tasar silk is also known … Each of the silkworm pathogens, virus comparatively...
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