The nutritious recipe is served as a side dish mostly. According to Yunus et al.13, combined supplementation of 5 and 0.60% urea molasses improves the nutritional quality and fermented of grass harvested at a young age and increase the nitrogen content in silage. Sulphur is an important element that affects fermentation and is required as a precursor for the synthesis of essential amino acids such as methionine and cysteine. Each treatment was repeated four times. Nutrition Facts. Furthermore, to create fermented (ensilase) products, preservatives are needed under conditions with high water content to serve as a fermentation accelerator. However, the use of banana stem as feed for ruminants has not been optimized due to constraints, such as the perishability of high water content, the tannins in the banana stem compounds that may affect consumption and the binding protein that could reduce the quality and efficiency of feed. Thus, greater phosphorus supplementation can increase the protein content of fermented products. Parameters were measured to determine the response from the treatment being tested, including water content, dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, fat, crude fiber, material extract without nitrogen and ash5. Erfie, F.D. 1st Edn., Tarsito, Bandung.Kung, I., 2000. Supplementation with a combination of nitrogen, sulphur and posphorus significantly (p<0.05) increased the crude protein content of fermentated products in anaerobic fermentation. Tanaman pisang sebagai pakan ternak ruminansia. It is … Based on the content of contained nutrients in banana trees, parts of this plant can be used as animal feed, especially for ruminants. According to Widyastuti9 certain factors must be considered in the process of anaerobic fermentation. The banana is related to the lily and the orchid. Supplementation with a combination of nitrogen, sulphur and posphorus did not effect the dry matter or products of the anaerobic fermentation of the organic banana stems, as dry matter and organic matter ranged from 9.13-9.75% and 84.42-85.70%, respectively. According to Yunus et al.13, combined supplementation of 5 and 0.60% urea molasses improves the nutritional quality and fermented of grass harvested at a young age and increase the nitrogen content in silage. Dhalika et al.4, showed that part of the banana stem has a very broad variety of food composition, such that water content is very high, especially on the banana stem that ranged from 87.01-94.11%. Statistik hortikultura. In addition, posphorus supplementation also increased crude protein content, especially in the supplementation source of lower nitrogen and sulphur, while the supplementation sources of higher nitrogen and sulphur inconsistently increased the crude protein content. Different levels of N, S and P used were as follows: NSP-A (2.00% N+0.20% S+0.20% P), NSP-B (2.00% N+0.30% S+0.20% P), NSP-C (2.00% N+0.40% S+0.20% P), NSP-D (3.00% N+0.20% S+0.25% P), NSP-E (3.00% N+0.30% S+0.25% P) and NSP-F (3.00% N+0.40% S+0.25% P). and J.H. The water content of the fermented product of the banana stems was relatively high, at approximately 90.30-90.87%. Integrasi domba pada sistem pertanaman pisang (Musa paradisiacal Val) sebagai upaya peningkatan produktifitas dan konservasi lahan kering di jawa barat. Banana Stem Benefits: There are various important nutrients present in the banana stem. In tropical countries like India and Thailand, … Banana fruit nutrition facts. This study aimed to determine the nutritional value of a banana stem of anaerobic fermentation product supplemented with nitrogen (N), sulphur (S) and phosphorus (P). Banana Stem Nutrition Facts: Banana stem contains a lot of important nutrients. Supplemental nitrogen, sulphur and phosphorus aimed to supply the nutrients in the formation of microbial protein. Atun Budiman The results of a study conducted by Lessard et al.11 and cited by McDonald et al.10 showed that the addition of urea increased some types of amino acids, such as alanine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, isoleucine, lysine, threonine and valine. Besides that, a banana is a rich source of Vitamins such as Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, manganese, folate, choline, biotin, iron, copper, zinc, and selenium. Sodium 2,300g. Serving Size Amount Per 1 Serving (100 g) Servings Per Container. The addition of urea not only produced a dual effect on the formation of the pure protein but also occurred during microbial protein synthesis. Some people won’t even touch a banana with a brown spot, while other people will try anything to get their bananas … Banana stem juice is also great for helping the body heal from … IPB., Bogor. McIlroy et al.8, reported that the lactic acid content in aerobic fermentation products, such as silage, ranged from 1.55-2.5%. AOAC., 1984. Byproducts of the banana plant, such as leaves, tillers and stems, can produce 11.20 t ha–11 of dry matter. Generally many of us find it difficult or lazy to cook plantain stem because of its fibrous nature. However, the use of banana stem as feed for ruminants has not been optimized due to constraints, such as the perishability of high water content, the tannins in the banana stem compounds that may affect consumption and the binding protein that could reduce the quality and efficiency of feed. Wartazoa. FAO Corporate Document Repository, Rome.Erwanto, 1995. Crude protein content ranged from 6.29-8.98% and the crude protein content of fresh banana stems ranged from 2.40-8.30%3. Supplementation with a combination of nitrogen, sulphur and posphorus did not effect the dry matter or products of the anaerobic fermentation of the organic banana stems, as dry matter and organic matter ranged from 9.13-9.75% and 84.42-85.70%, respectively. Sulphur is an important element that affects fermentation and is required as a precursor for the synthesis of essential amino acids such as methionine and cysteine. The banana plant (Musa paradisiaca Val) is a popular type of fruit crop that is widely spread throughout the tropics, including Indonesia. The Mineral Nutrition of Livestock. According to McDonald et al.10, the addition of urea may increase the nitrogenous components of silage, such as crude protein, pure protein, free amino acids and ammonia. Juice of banana stem also acts as a good detoxifying agent. 3% Sodium 62 … One type of banana plant grown by the community includes Ambon green bananas, these banana plant stems contain 12.99% dry matter, 4.07% crude protein, 3.80% crude lipid, 36.33% crude fiber, 47.21% material extract without nitrogen and 8.59% ash4. The process of anaerobic fermentation of the banana stem supplemented with combinations of nitrogen, sulphur and phosphorus were conducted in five stages as follows: (1) Chopped banana stems (2-5 cm) weighing as much as 60 kg were appropriated with silo capacity and used for anaerobic fermentation, (2) Weight molasses weighing as much as 5% of the weight of a banana stem was fermented, a source of nitrogen (urea), sulphur (Na2SO4) and phosphorus (KH2PO4) were added and stirred evenly, (3) Banana stems were flushed with a mixture of molasses, a source of nitrogen and phosphorus and stirred until smooth, (4) At each stage of the fermented material revenues, the mixture was poured gradually into a silo in the form of plastic barrel (capacity of 60 kg) to eliminate air as much as possible and (5) After a silo was filled with fermented feed material, it was closed and stored for 21 days. Bananas are a delicious choice for snacking, baking and cooking, Plus they include Vitamin B6 Potassium, Fiber, and Vitamin C - nutrients that … 2nd Edn., Chalcombe Publications, Marlow, Bucks, UK., ISBN-13: 9780948617225, Pages: 340.McIlroy, R.J., I. Soerianegara and S. Susetyo, 1977. Change the buttermilk if it turns sour. The dry matter and organic matter did not differ significantly among treatments, such that the process of anaerobic fermentation did not change the content of dry or organic matter. Urea on Other Non Protein Nitrogen Compound in Animal Nutrition. Crude protein content of banana stems of two types of plants, green and white bananas are 4.07 and 5.33%, respectively4. Amt per Serving %DV* Molasses, available as a carbohydrate compound, can be used as a source of carbon frame for the formation of adenosine triphosphate, which is an important energy source needed for enzymatic reactions, such as the formation of glycogen from glucose and acts as an energy source in microbial protein synthesis, phosphorus ions were one of its constituent elements. 0% Saturated Fat 0.1 g grams. Botanically, it belongs to the family of Musaceae. Whip up some banana bread or maybe even pancakes. Substances of fermented food products did not indicate variation compared to the banana stems under fresh conditions. The addition of nitrogen and sulphur tended to increase the crude protein content indicated in the treatments NSP-A, NSP-B and NSP-C compared to the treatments NSP-D, NSP-E and NSP-F (Table 1). Polyphenols are natural antioxidants found … The trunk of this banana ‘tree’ is a bundle of leaves. In Indonesia, there are 74,751 million ha of land for banana plantations, with a production capacity reaching 2,192,060 t/year2. Research methods: The study was conducted using experimental methods with a completely randomized design. According to McDonald et al.10, the addition of urea may increase the nitrogenous components of silage, such as crude protein, pure protein, free amino acids and ammonia. The banana stem is one such part. Differences of p<0.05 were considered statistically significant. The nutrient content of banana stems varies, as dry matter content ranges from 3.60-9.80%, crude protein ranges from 2.40-8.30%, crude fat ranges from 3.20-8.10%, extract material without nitrogen range from 31.60-53.00%, ash ranges from 18.4-24.70%, crude fiber ranges from 13.40-31.70%, neutral detergent fiber ranges from 40.50-64.10%, acid detergent fiber ranges from 35.60-45.50%, cellulose ranges from 19.70-35.20%, hemicellulose ranges from 4.90-18.70% and lignin ranges from 1.3-9.20%3. This way, they easily come off with the peel, and you can use the stem to hold the banana. Supplementation with a combination of nitrogen, sulphur and posphorus did not affect water content, dry matter, organic matter, crude fat, crude fiber, material extract without nitrogen or ash, however, it did increase the crude protein content of the fermented product. Thus, microbial protein synthesis occurs more frequently such that microbial population increases, leading to higher nitrogen requirements, inorganic nitrogen added can be converted into a microbial body protein. Prosiding Lokakarya Nasional Pengembangan Jejaring Litkaji Sistem Integrasi Tanaman-Ternak, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peternakan. Ankit on December 04, 2018: Well, it is so important for every person use all parts of the banana plant because we could bake plethora of dishes help by the plants. Thus, a new theory on these combinations and possibly other combinations, may be explored further. The data obtained were processed using statistical analysis of variance tests followed by Duncan's multiple range tests. It is rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber. According to McIlroy et al.8 and McDonald et al.10, acidity can prevent unexpected fermentation, for example, in butyric acid fermentation, butyric acid-forming bacteria will stop the growth at a pH of about 4.2 and butyric acid content that was inside anaerobic fermentation products (ensilase) must not exceed 0.10%. Banana stem are also used as substitute for floral foam and used by florists. Based on the large biomass potential of the banana plant, efforts should be made to optimize its utilization despite limitations. Supplementation with a combination of nitrogen, sulphur and posphorus did not affect water content, dry matter, organic matter, crude fat, crude fiber, material extract without nitrogen or ash, however, it did increase the crude protein content of the fermented product. Nutrition Facts. According to Wina3 the dry matter content of fresh banana stems range from 3.60-9.80%. This study will help researchers to find the appropriate combinations for optimal products. Heron, 1991. Under this condition, the stability of the nutrients was achieved in the fermented feed material. The Banana Has Unlikely Relatives. The crude fat, crude fiber, material extract without nitrogen and ash of the fermented products with supplementation of nitrogen, sulphur and phosphorus did not change the product, suggesting that the nutritional content of the food was in a stable condition because the acid situation of almost all bacteria that could affect the food substances did not develop. Byproducts of the banana plant, such as leaves, tillers and stems, can produce 11.20 t ha–11 of dry matter. Pusat Antar Universitas Bioteknologi, Institut Pertanian Bogor, pp: 100-165.Dhalika, T., Mansyur, A. Budiman and A.R. Ensete ventricosum cultivation provides more food per square meter than any other cereal The author would like to thank the Dean of the Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Padjadjaran University on research grants through the program of faculty research, Head of the Laboratory of Animal Nutrition Ruminants and Chemical Feed for providing laboratory facilities and Wahyu Nuralim, Spt. Torrie, 1993. Banana stem tannin content, based on to the results of chemical analysis, vary depending on the type of banana plants and can reach 4.96 mg mL–1 of water fraction3. The treatments being tested included anaerobic fermentation of banana stem with combined supplementation sources of nitrogen (2 and 3%), sulphur (0.20, 0.30 and 0.40%) and phosphorus (0.20 and 0.25%), as follows: NSP-A (2.00% N+0.20% S+0.20% P), NSP-B (2.00% N+0.30% S+0.20% P), NSP-C (2.00% N+0.40% S+0.20% P), NSP-D (3.00% N+0.20% S+0.25% P), NSP-E (3.00% N+0.30% S+0.25% P) and NSP-F (3.00% N+0.40% S+0.25% P). Supplementation with a combination of nitrogen, sulphur and posphorus had no significant effect on the content of crude lipid, crude fiber, extract material without nitrogen and ash of fermented products of banana stems. Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Banana plants only produce one of these. Bull. -- / 67 g left. Molasses and nitrogen sources (urea) were obtained from KSU Tandangsari, Tanjungsari, Sumedang, while sources of sulphur (Na2SO4) and phosphorus (KH2PO4) were obtained from PT BRATACO in Kelenteng street, Bandung. Fresh, creamy, and delicious dessert bananas are one of the cheapest and readily available fruits all year round. According to McIlroy et al.8 and McDonald et al.10, acidity can prevent unexpected fermentation, for example, in butyric acid fermentation, butyric acid-forming bacteria will stop the growth at a pH of about 4.2 and butyric acid content that was inside anaerobic fermentation products (ensilase) must not exceed 0.10%. Methodology: Research was carried out using the experimental method and a completely randomized design. Monounsaturated Fat 0 g grams. In addition, phosphorus formed phosphoprotein, an acid compound that was bound in the form of phosphate ester on radical residues of amino acid serine or threonine of constituent simple protein. According to Erwanto17 methionine is a component of a compound called metionine formyl transfer RNA that is required at the initial phase of protein synthesis in the microbial cell. J. Anim. Banana Flower: The banana flower grows at the end of a bunch of bananas. Conclusion: Supplementation with a combination of 3.00% N+0.40% S+0.25% P produced the highest protein content (8.98%). In addition, banana fruit also rich in essential vitamins and minerals such as vitamin B complex, vitamin C, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, and calcium. The water content of the fermented product of the banana stems was relatively high, at approximately 90.30-90.87%. Get full nutrition facts and other common serving sizes of Banana including 1 slice and 1 oz yields. Under this condition, the stability of the nutrients was achieved in the fermented feed material. Unfortunately, usually, no one thinks of eating a green or raw banana, which, in fact, is incredibly nutritious. One medium sized banana contains around 105 calories, 0g of fat, 3g of fiber and 2g of protein. Anaerobic fermentation technology can be used to prevent the decay process as well as reduce tannin compounds. Results: Supplementation with a combination of N, S and P had no significant effect (p>0.05) on water content, dry matter, organic matter, crude fat, crude fiber or material extract without nitrogen and ash: However, there was a significant difference (p<0.05) in crude protein content. J. Sci. Underwood and Suttle16 reported that sulphur is only important for plants and microbes because only plants and microbes are able to synthesize amino acids and proteins containing sulphur from inorganic sulphur that can be degraded. Copyright Dominic Kuonza on November 06, 2018: Supplementation with a combination of 3.00% nitrogen+0.40% sulphur+0.25% phosphorus produced the highest protein content, which was 8.98%, with an increase in crude protein content that reached at 4.91% compared to the fresh conditions. All parts of banana are edible. This was just the first trigger to start contemplating about a comprehensive dLife FoodLog system, of which the Nutrition Facts & Calories would just be a part. [Silage fermentation and probiotics benefi t of silage to the ruminants]. Local livestock feed resources. Disertasi. Supplementation with a combination of nitrogen, sulphur and posphorus had no significant effect on the content of crude lipid, crude fiber, extract material without nitrogen and ash of fermented products of banana stems. Henderson and S.J.E. Banana stem juice is also very effective for treating urinary tract infections. As in the production of silage and producing acid, there are less nutrients loss because lactic acid bacteria are needed to ensure the success of anaerobic fermentation, naturally, lactic acid bacteria is found in forage crops. Fermentasi silase dan manfaat probiotik silase bagi ruminansi. Molasses, available as a carbohydrate compound, can be used as a source of carbon frame for the formation of adenosine triphosphate, which is an important energy source needed for enzymatic reactions, such as the formation of glycogen from glucose and acts as an energy source in microbial protein synthesis, phosphorus ions were one of its constituent elements. Crude protein content ranged from 6.29-8.98% and the crude protein content of fresh banana stems ranged from 2.40-8.30%3. Thus, a new theory on these combinations and possibly other combinations, may be explored further. 0% Cholesterol 0 mg milligrams. This trunk is composed of the basal portions of leaf sheaths and is crowned with a rosette of 10 to 20 oblong to elliptic leaves that sometimes attain a length of 3–3.5 metres (10–11.5 … National Academy of Science, Washington DC., USA.Steel, R.G. Major Nutrition: Manganese, Mn 48.7 mg (2117.39%) Copper, Cu 13 mg (1444.44%) Iron, Fe 56.4 mg (705.00%) Total dietary Fiber 5.7 g (15.00%) Potassium, K 553.3 mg (11.77%) Phosphorus, P 73.3 mg (10.47%) Carbohydrate 9.9 g (7.62%) Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1.07 mg (7.13%) Calcium, Ca 56 mg (5.60%) Protein 1.6 g … Serving Size: blossom (103 g grams) Amount Per Serving. Managing cholesterol and blood pressure. Research materials: The research materials consisted of stems of banana plants obtained from Pasirlaja, Cijeruk, Pamulihan, Sumedang. The production capacity of some banana-producing countries in the world, such as India and the Philippines, have reached 3.65 and 4.60 million t, respectively, while the world banana production has reached 65.90 million t3. According to Kung14 to stimulate good fermentation, various additives must be added to improve the nutrients that might be lost during the process of anaerobic fermentation (ensilage). According to Widyastuti9 fermentation can produce lactic acid as the main product because the lactic acid will act as a preservative in the feed material. Bananas are rich … Methodology: Research was carried out using the experimental method and a completely randomized design. Crude protein content of banana stems of two types of plants, green and white bananas are 4.07 and 5.33%, respectively4. Based on the large biomass potential of the banana plant, efforts should be made to optimize its utilization despite limitations. Background and Objective: The banana plant (Musa paradisiaca Val) is a popular type of fruit crop that is widely spread throughout the tropics, including Indonesia. The fiber content present in the Banana stem juice slows the process of releasing the sugar and fats stored in your cells into your bloodstream, thus helping you get a steady supply of energy. Fat 67g. and Benny Maruli Tua Saragih SPt. This study aimed to determine the nutritional value of a banana stem of anaerobic fermentation product supplemented with nitrogen (N), sulphur (S) and phosphorus (P). (Translator Bambang Sumantri). 4, showed that part of the banana stem has a very broad variety of food composition, such that water content is very high, especially on the banana stem that ranged from 87.01-94.11%. © 2017. There are 105 calories in 1 medium Banana. Parameters were measured to determine the response from the treatment being tested, including water content, dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, fat, crude fiber, material extract without nitrogen and ash5. Trans Fat 0 g grams. According to Widyastuti9 certain factors must be considered in the process of anaerobic fermentation. To chop the Plantain stem, we need little more … Notice the green ‘stem’ the bananas are growing on? Cholesterol 300g. Treats Diabetes. Supplementation with a combination of 3.00% nitrogen+0.40% sulphur+0.25% phosphorus produced the highest protein content, which was 8.98%, with an increase in crude protein content that reached at 4.91% compared to the fresh conditions. This vegetarian recipe is made in Indian style along with various spices and condiments like mustard seeds, cumin seeds and curry leaves. According to Widyastuti9 fermentation can produce lactic acid as the main product because the lactic acid will act as a preservative in the feed material. Banana stem tannin content, based on to the results of chemical analysis, vary depending on the type of banana plants and can reach 4.96 mg mL–1 of water fraction3. According to Wina3 and Dhalika et al.4, banana stems under fresh conditions include 3.3-8.1% crude fat, 13.40-31.70% crude fiber, 31.60-53.00% extract materials without nitrogen and 18.40-24.00% ash. Optimalisasi sistem fermentasi rumen melalui suplementasi sulfur, defaunasi, reduksi emisi metan dan stimulasi pertumbuhan mikroba pada ternak ruminansia. The main tool used in this study was a silo made of a plastic drum with a capacity of 60 L, which was used to examine the content of nutrients contained in the banana stem of the anaerobic fermentation products. Substances of fermented food products did not indicate variation compared to the banana stems under fresh conditions. Saver and S. Mahadevan, 1978. Protein and free amino acid patterns in maize ensiled with or without urea. Differences of p<0.05 were considered statistically significant. Tidi Dhalika, All sites where we could manage to find some mention of banana stem actually carried nutritional facts of banana. The main tool used in this study was a silo made of a plastic drum with a capacity of 60 L, which was used to examine the content of nutrients contained in the banana stem of the anaerobic fermentation products. The results of a study conducted by Lessard et al.11 and cited by McDonald et al.10 showed that the addition of urea increased some types of amino acids, such as alanine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, isoleucine, lysine, threonine and valine. Since banana stem juice regulates the insulin level in the body, … 14th Edn., Association of Official Analitycal Chemist, Inc. Arlington, Virginia 22209, USA., pp: 152-164.Anonymous, 2003. Banana stem kootu recipe is a popular South Indian dish made from banana stem. The high water content in the product of anaerobic fermentation banana stems did not cause changes to the content of other nutrients, since these nutrients were stable under the acidic conditions produced by the anaerobic fermentation process. Like the fruit, Banana stems are also very high in potassium and vitamin B6, which together benefit the muscles and the body’s production of hemoglobin and insulin. Sci., 13: 1542-1547.CrossRefDirect Link, https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2017.738.742, Nutrient content of the fermentation product made from anaerobic banana stems, Values are means and different superscripts in the same row are significantly different (p<0.05). As in the production of silage and producing acid, there are less nutrients loss because lactic acid bacteria are needed to ensure the success of anaerobic fermentation, naturally, lactic acid bacteria is found in forage crops. In Indonesia, there are 74,751 million ha of land for banana plantations, with a production capacity reaching 2,192,060 t/year2. According to McIlroy et al.8, incomplete emphasis on the process of anaerobic fermentation (ensilase) can cause excessive respiration and overheating, which results in a loss of dry matter, conversely, excessive emphasis on the feed material with a high water content can cause reduced heating, thus resulting in bad odors from the fermented products. The production capacity of some banana-producing countries in the world, such as India and the Philippines, have reached 3.65 and 4.60 million t, respectively, while the world banana production has reached 65.90 million t3. 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