Over three million rural Ghanaians depend on the forest to survive. Primary forests, in particular tropical moist forests, include the most species-rich, diverse terrestrial ecosystems. The forestry sector of Ghana accounted for 4.2 percent of GDP in 1990; timber was the country's third largest foreign exchange earner. Destruction of rainforests remains a significant environmental problem Much of what remains of the world's rainforests is in the Amazon basin, where the Amazon Rainforest covers approximately 4 million square kilometers. Ghana lies between latitudes 4° and 12°N . There are three principal types of vegetation from south to north occurring in the coastal savanna, in the forest zone, and in the northern savanna zone. Civil society organisations in Ghana are interested and active in many natural resources and community rights-related areas. Forestry experts have warned that Ghana risks losing its total forest cover to illegal logging in 10 years if the current rate of forest depletion is not curtailed. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) provides detail information on forest cover, and adjusted estimates of forest cover. The area designated primarily for productive purposes has decreased by more than 50 million hectares since 1990 as forests have been designated for other purposes. Stretching more than 20 kilometers (12 miles) along a bank of hills in the Ashanti region of southern Ghana, Tano-Offin Forest Reserve has lost more than 16 percent of its old-growth forest since 2001, according to satellite data from the University of Maryland. The forest losses in Ghana were more than twice that of next country, neighbouring Ivory Coast; which lost 26 percent. Definition: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees … Data includes areas with bamboo and palms; forest roads, firebreaks and other small open areas; forest in national parks, nature reserves and other protected areas such as those of specific scientific, historical, cultural or spiritual interest; windbreaks, shelterbelts and corridors of trees with an area of more than 0.5 hectares and width of more than 20 meters; plantations primarily used for forestry or protective purposes, such as rubber-wood plantations and cork oak stands. [7] South Ghana contains evergreen and semi-deciduous forests consisting of trees such as mahogany , odum , ebony and it also contains much of Ghana's oil palms and mangroves with shea trees , baobabs and acacias found in the northern part of Ghana. Conservation efforts have focused on protecting areas of high biodiversity. Many tree-planting programmes have been developed and are being promoted in Ghana. However, even these are no longer immune to the advance of deforestation, with many hit hard by a surge of forest loss that began in April. The Technical Director in-charge of Forestry at the Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources, Mr Musa Abu-Juam, says Ghana currently has less than 20 per cent of real forest due to illegal activities, such as illegal chain-saw operations and galamsey. Several areas of t… The trees should reach a minimum height of 5 meters in situ. Consisting of wet evergreen rain forest and Definition: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. In the south-west region alone, 13,748 hectares (34,000 acres) of forest have been lost in 2018 – equivalent to 15,000 football fields, more than the 13,000 lost there in 2016. Negative numbers indicate an increase in forest area. The survey uses a uniform definition of forest. Tree cover (30%) 2000. Mount Edouka is located around the Eastern Part of Ghana extending into Badou, which is in Togo about 270 km from Accra; the jungle separates both Togo and Ghana making the biodiversity of the mount to have … This is done at intervals of 5-10 years as part of the Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA). Ghana Investment Plan for the Forest Investment Program (FIP) - October 2012 - iv Description of investment plan: The forest resources in Ghana are being depleted at an alarming rate. Ads are placed on this page automatically by Google. In the center and north, winter is hot: daytime temperatures are usually about 35 °C (95 °F) in December and January, even though the air is dry and nights are quite cool.Sometimes, however, nights can get a bit cold in the center-north, with lows dropping to around 10 °C (50 °F). Ghana has approximately 9.3 million ha of forest which covers 39% of the country (FAO, 2015). Note: This page was last updated on December 28, 2019, Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Indicadores en Español. The northernmost part of Ghana is Pulmakong and the southernmost part of Ghana is Cape three points near Axim. At the turn of the 20th Century, Ghana’s forests covered around 8.2 million hectares of land. "This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Although FAO provides a breakdown of forest cover between natural forest and plantation for developing countries, forest data used to derive this indictor data does not reflect that breakdown. A dry, dust-laden wind, called Harmattan, often blows from the desert. The uniqueness of this park lies in the fact that it was established at the initiative of the local people and … Variations from year to year may be due to updated or revised data rather than to change in area. Deforested areas do not include areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by fuelwood gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. Data excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems, such as fruit plantations and agroforestry systems. By the year 2007, the forest cover of the country has been reduced significantly to 1.6 million hectares. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded. National parks, game reserves, wilderness areas and other legally established protected areas cover more than 10 percent of the total forest area in most countries and regions. 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