Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z. The apostrophe (' or ’) character is a punctuation mark, and sometimes a diacritical mark, in languages that use the Latin alphabet and some other alphabets. All you have to do is remember that if there’s ownership or possession, then the word should take apostrophe -s. If there are many (the word is plural), then just an “s” will do. The second use of an apostrophe is to denote ownership or possession. ‘John’s notepad’ shows correct apostrophe placement for a personal name not ending in ‘s’, while ‘Jess’s notepad’ shows the correct apostrophe placement for a name ending with ‘s’. An apostrophe (’) serves two essential functions; it indicates possession or ownership and is used to mark where letters have been omitted to form a contraction. So, it would be: for goodness’ sake for conscience’s sake for appearance’s sake Level 4, 15 Moore Street, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia, Terms & Conditions | Privacy Policy Sitemap Incorrect: This is Joans jacket. When one person owns something, we use an apostrophe then an s. This is the most common way that apostrophes will be used, and the easiest rule to remember. Let's take a … It is also important to know about rules in using apostrophes in names so that you will not have a hard time in writing. Apostrophe rules can be broken into four main categories. You belong to me. Zissman, however, took the third option, of having no apostrophe at all, and her followers went bonkers. Possessive apostrophes indicate ownership. After you read the article, you might also wish to watch a video in which Dr Lines explains how to use apostrophes in this way. The car’stire is flat. Possessives. See also Plural Possessives, Apostrophes with Possessives of More than One Owner, Apostrophes with Italicized and Underlined Items, and Apostrophes with Pronouns. The chair’s leg is wonky. Design & Development by Edge of the Web, Copyright © Capstone Editing Pty Ltd 2017 - 2020, Australian Company Number (ACN): 610 658 887, Level 4, 15 Moore Street, Canberra, ACT 2601, Posted by Capstone Editing on 17 April 2017, Your email address will not be published or shared with anyone. For most names, you add an apostrophe and an “s” to make the possessive form. Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers, (which is the style manual adopted by the Australian government and Australian universities), personal names that end in ‘s’ are treated differently to plurals ending in ‘s’. If Tim and Erica had written separate reports, though, we would write this differently: I’ve read Tim ’s and Erica ’s report s on the computer problem. The “Looks and Works Better Without an Apostrophe” Argument. Use an apostrophe to indicate ownership by a proper noun. Apostrophes Showing Possession An apostrophe is normally used with the letter s to show ownership or possession.. With most singular nouns, simply add an apostrophe plus the letter s to do this.. An apostrophe plus s is never added to make a noun plural--even a proper noun. Possessive nouns show ownership. Free printable punctuation worksheets from K5 Learning. There are check grammar online free tools that you can use to know if you correctly write the apostrophe or not. Rule 2b. They are not properly used to make nouns plural, which means showing more than one. Apostrophes should only be used to show the ownership or belonging of something. An apostrophe is normally used with the letter s to show ownership or possession. When using an apostrophe for ownership, the first thing to consider is whether there is one owner (a singular owner) or more than one owner (a plural owner). Remembering the Punctuation Rules for Apostrophe -S. Remembering the rules is easy. Incorrect: He ate four hot dog's at the picnic. A noun is a part of speech that names a person, place, thing, action, feeling or ideal. When someone's name ends with an "s," it is acceptable to use an apostrophe without an "s" … The apostrophe is all about making a statement of ownership. There are check grammar online free tools that you can use to know if you correctly write the apostrophe or not. This article will outline the second use for this mark of punctuation: indicating possession or ownership. Add apostrophe s to the end of a singular noun that does not end in s: the manager’s room; 2. I have=I’ve. The apostrophe (a-POS-tro-fee) is a single vertical mark (') or (’). There are four ways to use the apostrophe to show ownership or belonging. Main Apostrophe Takeaways: Apostrophes have three main uses: to show ownership, omissions, and plural letters, numbers, and symbols ; An apostrophe stands in for the missing letter(s) in a contraction like don’t or can’t. Possession or ownership punctuation worksheets: For singular nouns we add an apostrophe plus "s" to show possession; for plural nouns already ending in an s, we just add an apostrophe. Joint ownership is shown by using one apostrophe for both owners. If the singular noun ends with an s, add apostrophe s if the extra syllable is pronounced. An apostrophe with an "s" after a proper noun indicates... 2. (Possessive form needs the apostrophe) Normally (though not always) the apostrophe or apostrophe + s … Plurals that don’t end in ‘s’ don’t require this treatment, such as ‘The Board’s decision is final’ or ‘There is the gang’s hideout’. The rules for the apostrophe are much more definite, … 10 Rules for Using Apostrophe (‘) Read More » Skip to content One punctuation mark is the apostrophe ('). Should it be ‘baby’s toy’ or ‘babies’ toy’? Use an apostrophe before the s to indicate ownership. Lloyd Bridges' son Whichever standard you follow, be consistent. ; If something is plural and showing possession, put an apostrophe after the “s.”You can also add another ‘s’ after the apostrophe, but it isn’t usually required. So when Maria parks her car in Tom and Jane’s driveway, which is next to the Petersons’ house and across the street from Edward’s and Alfred’s apartments, you’ll have no trouble at all conveying that information to your reader! Rule: To show the plural of a name that ends in s, ch, or z, add es. The apostrophe is used to show that something belongs to something else (It's called the Genitive case). (Not possessive; use no apostrophe to make a noun plural.). In a contraction, an apostrophe represents missing letters. Apostrophes with Possessives of More than One Owner, Apostrophes with Italicized and Underlined Items. Here are some examples with the owners highlighted: A contraction is a shortened form of a word (or group of words) that omits certain letters or sounds. Do not use an apostrophe + s to make a regular noun plural. Here, for example, the apostrophes in the sentence above show us that the pencil belongs to Morgan and that the tire belongs to the car. We show this by using one possessive apostrophe for both people (something known as compound subject). I've read Preferred way to apostrophise in case of dual or multiple ownership by distinct entities and "Nikki's and Alice's X" vs. "Nikki and Alice's X", but my question is a little different.Not sure if the title is correctly chosen or not. If a word is both plural and possessed, it gets an s followed by an apostrophe. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. An Apostrophe to Show Ownership An apostrophe and the letter s are used to show ownership. ‘The lady’s hats’ still refers to one lady, but this time she has many hats. For example, when mentioning ‘the lady’s hat’, you are speaking of one lady with one hat. Apostrophe Use: Contractions and Omissions. ; The marking of possessive case of nouns (as in the eagle's feathers, or in one month's time). Others example of this rule include ‘I’m going to the girls’ treehouse’. This is called a possessive apostrophe. Ownership Markings: The English language employs both words and punctuation marks to convey an idea. Plural possessive nouns incorporate the concepts of ownership and "more than one." (Added syllable is not pronounced.). Typically, this will involve adding an apostrophe plus the letter ‘s’ after a noun or someone’s name: Derek’s hair was messy. This is acceptable. It has lots of examples and an interactive exercise. This is the case with proper nouns too: ‘Ben’s house’ and ‘London’s train network’ both require possessive apostrophes. Capstone Editing will perfect the language, formatting and referencing of your document to produce a final version of the highest-possible quality, ready for submission or publication. This page is a grammar lesson on using apostrophes to show joint and individual ownership or possession. In English it is used for three purposes: The marking of the omission of one or more letters (as in the contraction of do not to don't). The former refers to one baby’s toy, whereas the latter refers to a toy for babies or a toy that many babies share. Some authorities always add an apostrophe only to any word ending with s, regardless of its pronunciation. With most singular nouns, simply add an apostrophe plus the letter s to do this. Correct: We've had many happy Christmases. By using an apostrophe, it becomes clear that a single dog is the subject of this sentence. So the question is, if something belongs to a person, whose name I don't know for example, then I would say: Apostrophe placement in first and last names, abbreviations, and pronouns shouldn’t give you any trouble if you just follow these simple writing rules. An apostrophe can be used to show that one thing belongs to or is connected to something. Using Possessive Apostrophes 1. Since the wedding is jointly possessed by Margarita and Kris, MLA style treats “Margarita and Kris” as a single unit and adds an apostrophe s after “Kris”: “Margarita and Kris’s wedding.” In an older convention, described in the fifteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style (sec. Incorrect: We've had many happy Christmas's. In these examples, you notice that the apostrophe is used to show that a singular noun owns something (aunt’s, pen; bar’s fine wines). Correct: We saw the Smiths at the picnic. This one becomes a bit trickier, especially where plurals are involved. If the extra syllable is not pronounced (or if it otherwise looks confusing to add apostrophe s), simply add an apostrophe. Typically, this involves adding an apostrophe plus the letter “s” after a noun or someone’s name: Morgan’spencil was sharp. Correct: He ate four hot dogs at the picnic. An apostrophe plus s is never added to make a noun plural--even a proper noun. Please read our, Winner of the Capstone Editing Research Scholarship for Honours Students, The Untimely Death of the Em Dash—Or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Defend the Em Dash, Announcing the Winner of the Capstone Editing Early Career Academic Research Grant for Women. Instead of just adding the possessive apostrophe, you should add an apostrophe and then an ‘s’. 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